Laparoscopic Mitrofanoff continent diversion in children
Epublication WebSurg.com, May 2016;16(05). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/lt03enelghoneimi008
Neobladder surgery is often complex. It is readily proposed lately in a child’s life when he agrees to undergo a fairly heavy surgical operation, which will allow him to acquire a social body cleanliness. The poor vesical volume capacity may necessitate either a chemical enlargement with iterative Botox injections into the detrusor muscle, or a vesical enlargement surgery using a bowel segment. Self-catheterization using natural orifices is often particularly uneasy in boys or in obese or handicapped patients. This mandates to leave an open vesicourethral neck, which however does not prevent potential urinary leaks. This mode of vesical voiding has an alternative, namely Mitrofanoff continent diversion using the appendix. This procedure was described in 1980. The vesico-appendiceal junction is fashioned by means of an anatomical anti-reflux mechanism. The skin approximation onto the anterior abdominal wall can be performed either in the umbilicus, or in the inguinal region depending on different decisional criteria. This procedure can now be envisaged laparoscopically. It is a demanding intervention, which requires advanced skills.