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Prevention and treatment of intrauterine adhesions

V Tanos, MD, PhD
Epublication WebSurg.com, Feb 2015;15(02). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/lt03entanos004

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  • 2015-02-13
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The severe form of intrauterine adhesions (IUA) is probably the most difficult pathology to be treated by hysteroscopic surgery. The use of small diameter resectoscopes facilitates faster operations and less endometrial trauma, and is expected to be more efficient for the treatment of IUA. The concomitant use of ultrasound helps the surgeon to identify the ostia and prevents him from perforating the myometrium. The main effort is to identify the endometrial and sub-endometrial cleavage plane without injuring the myometrium. Longer periods of amenorrhea, older aged patients, and repeated surgery attempts to clear adhesions reduce chances of achieving pregnancy. Postoperative Hyalobarrier® anti-adhesive agents reduce the risk of adhesion reformation but do not increase pregnancy rates.