Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma
Epublication WebSurg.com, Sep 2013;13(09). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/vd01en4000
Background: Single access laparoscopy has been reported for adrenal gland surgery. This technique can also be applied for patients presenting non-small lesions and symptomatic diseases such as pheochromocytoma. Video: A 17-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for severe headaches, palpitations, and tachycardia along with tremulousness, dizziness, and vomiting. A symptomatic left-side single location adrenal pheochromocytoma was diagnosed and a transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was proposed. The patient was placed in a semi-lateral right-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany). The procedure started with the opening of the splenocolic ligament and, after mobilization of the splenopancreatic block medially, the adrenal lesion was demonstrated. Probably due to the size of the lesion, only two main adrenal vessels were found: vein and mid-artery. Both vessels were dissected and divided between 5mm non-absorbable clips. The specimen was retrieved transumbilically in a custom-made plastic bag. Results: Laparoscopic time was 129 minutes, estimated blood loss 20cc, and the final scar length measured 16mm. The symptomatic status of the patient was resolved immediately. The patient was discharged from the intensive care unit after 3 days and from the hospital after 6 days. Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma is feasible and safe. In young ladies, it offers an excellent cosmetic result, avoiding abdominal trauma.