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Enfoque mensual

Cada mes descubra nuestro enfoque en un tema específico de interés. Tendrá usted acceso a conferencias clave, demostraciones quirúrgicas en vivo y otros tipos de medios. No se olvide de suscribirse a nuestro boletín para mantenerse informado sobre el próximo enfoque mensual.
Epublication, Dec 2018;18(12). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/fc01en45

Focus on laparoscopic vs. robot-assisted general surgery

Intervención quirúrgica
02:55
Fully robotically assisted transabdominal right adrenalectomy for a right adrenal incidentaloma
This video presents the case of a female patient in whom a right adrenal incidentaloma was found. It was 40mm in size and was found incidentally during a pancreatitis treatment.
Endocrinologists controlled the absence of abnormal secretion. The size of the lesion increased slightly over a period of 6 months and allowed to establish an indication for surgery. Our team performs adrenalectomies using a transabdominal laparoscopic approach with the patient in a lateral decubitus position. In order to facilitate the intervention, we asked the Visible Patient company to use the CT-scan images to make a 3D model. This reconstruction allowed to better indentify the relationships of the gland, to improve resection, and confirm the operative strategy. During the intervention, the surgeon can use it to better understand the anatomy hidden by peri-adrenal adipose tissue and operate accordingly. We now have a surgical robot (da Vinci Xi™ robotic surgical system, Intuitive Surgical) and we use it for most of the adrenalectomies we perform. It provides great stability of the operative field. The precise dissection is facilitated by the dexterity of the articulated instruments.
Fully robotically assisted transabdominal right adrenalectomy for a right adrenal incidentaloma
M Vix, B Seeliger, L Soler, D Mutter, J Marescaux
663 visualizaciones
Hace 1 mes
Intervención quirúrgica
13:25
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Morbid obesity surgery, which induces a rapid weight loss, is a predisposing factor for the onset of gallstones. There are treatments which help to reduce this risk. However, the observance is poor and lithogenicity brings about risks of complications such as cholecystitis, stone migration, and acute pancreatitis.
This video demonstrates the case of a patient who underwent a sleeve gastrectomy with a substantial weight loss. Stone migration was found along with a less serious pancreatic response. During a blood test analysis, thrombocytopenia was found and investigated by hematologists. Besides a low platelet count, a qualitative anomaly was observed increasing the risk of bleeding. Despite of this, cholecystectomy was necessary to prevent any new stone migration.
The operator was skilled and used a conventional laparoscopic approach. The patient’s liver is the site of a nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), making the procedure even more complex. Four ports were placed to allow for an adequate gallbladder retraction and for a minute dissection. Calot’s triangle was classically approached first as soon as the adhesions between the omentum and the gallbladder were taken down. Due to a thickened and inflammatory cystic duct, the entire gallbladder was dissected before ligating the cystic duct with two ligatures, one of them being reinforced by means of a surgical loop.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
M Vix, B Seeliger, D Mutter, J Marescaux
291 visualizaciones
Hace 1 mes
Intervención quirúrgica
09:34
Laparoscopic revision of Nissen fundoplication to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
Introduction: Obesity is a known etiological factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and is also a growing public health concern. Although Nissen fundoplication is a highly effective technique to treat GERD, it may fail in obese patients. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass provides excellent long-term control of GERD symptoms with the additional benefit of weight loss.
Clinical case: A 57-year-old woman underwent a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for GERD (BMI 30.0 Kg/m2) with excellent outcomes during the first postoperative year in 2011. Two years later, GERD symptoms recurred, and her weight increased progressively (BMI of 36.0 Kg/m2). The patient was proposed to a laparoscopic conversion of Nissen fundoplication to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The procedure was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 4. One year later, she remained asymptomatic, off antacids medication, and with her weight decreased to 63.5Kg which corresponded to a BMI of 25.4 Kg/m2.
Discussion/conclusion: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass successfully reduces GERD symptoms by diverting bile away from the esophagus, decreasing acid production in the gastric pouch, therefore limiting the amount of acid reflux and by promoting weight loss decreases abdominal pressure over the lower esophageal sphincter and esophageal hiatus. In obese patients (BMI>35) with GERD, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass seems to be the most effective and advantageous treatment since it provides control of GERD symptoms with the additional benefit of weight loss. In patients who have previously undergone anti-reflux surgery, bariatric surgery can be technically demanding. However, if performed by high-volume surgeons in high-volume centers, it is perfectly feasible with low morbidity and excellent results.
Laparoscopic revision of Nissen fundoplication to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
J Magalhães, AM Pereira, T Fonseca, R Ferreira de Almeida, M Nora
567 visualizaciones
Hace 1 mes
Intervención quirúrgica
12:41
Laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with ICG-oriented extended D2 (D2+) lymphadenectomy
The concept of fluorescence-guided navigation surgery based on indocyanine green (ICG) testifies to a developing interest in many fields of surgical oncology. The technique seems to be promising, also during nodal dissection in gastric and colorectal surgery in the so-called “ICG-guided nodal navigation”.
In this video, we present the clinical case of 36-year-old man with a seeming early stage antral gastric adenocarcinoma, as preoperatively defined, submitted to a laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy and D2+ lymphadenectomy.
Before surgery, the patient was submitted to endoscopy with the objective to inject indocyanine green near the tumor (2mL injected into the mucosa 2cm proximally and 2cm distally to the tumor) in order to visualize the lymphatic basin of that tumor during the operation.
Thanks to the ICG’s fluorescence with the light emitted from the photodynamic eye of our laparoscopic system (Stryker 1588® camera), it is possible to clearly visualize both the individual lymph nodes and the lymphatic collectors which drain ICG (and lymph) of the specific mucosal area previously marked with indocyanine green.
This technique could allow for a more precise and radical nodal dissection and a safer work respecting vascular and nerve structures.
Laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with ICG-oriented extended D2 (D2+) lymphadenectomy
G Baiocchi, S Molfino, B Molteni, L Arru, F Gheza, M Diana
1088 visualizaciones
Hace 1 mes

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