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Focus on Solid Organs Surgery - First Part

Epublication, Jun 2016;16(06). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/fc01en4
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Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (update of September 2014 presentation)
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is an attractive alternative to open surgery in children as it is associated with less operative pain and a rapid resumption of diet and shorter operative time.
The relative contraindications are patients with malignancies which involve lymph nodes, highly vascular pheochromocytomas, and large tumors.
Neuroblastoma, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, pheochromocytomas and adrenal cortical carcinomas are the main indications in children.
The transabdominal lateral approach is more commonly used in the pediatric population.
The tumors are incidental findings and 31% of them are malignant in children.
The various techniques of adrenalectomy, preoperative work-up, and indications are described in this lecture.
D Patkowski
Лекции
2 лет назад
1375 просмотров
89 лайков
0 комментариев
16:05
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (update of September 2014 presentation)
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is an attractive alternative to open surgery in children as it is associated with less operative pain and a rapid resumption of diet and shorter operative time.
The relative contraindications are patients with malignancies which involve lymph nodes, highly vascular pheochromocytomas, and large tumors.
Neuroblastoma, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, pheochromocytomas and adrenal cortical carcinomas are the main indications in children.
The transabdominal lateral approach is more commonly used in the pediatric population.
The tumors are incidental findings and 31% of them are malignant in children.
The various techniques of adrenalectomy, preoperative work-up, and indications are described in this lecture.
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy
Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy was developed in 1993, initially only for small benign lesions and recently for lesions superior to 5 cm and even malignancies.
This retroperitoneal technique has gained popularity since it allows for a direct access to the gland and prevents unexpected injuries to the intra-abdominal organs.
In this lecture, Dr. Mushtaq outlines the indications for adrenalectomy in children, patient set-up, trocar placement, and operative technique overview. The importance of resecting the gland ‘en bloc’ has been emphasized.
The retroperitoneal approach begins by placing the child in a prone position. The 12th rib, iliac crest, and paravertebral muscles are then marked on the patient. The first incision is made at the lateral border of the lateral vertebral muscles, halfway between the 12th rib and the iliac crest (Heloury et al., 2011).
This lecture was delivered during the pediatric urology course held at IRCAD in March 2016.
I Mushtaq
Лекции
2 лет назад
1723 просмотров
143 лайков
0 комментариев
16:41
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy
Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy was developed in 1993, initially only for small benign lesions and recently for lesions superior to 5 cm and even malignancies.
This retroperitoneal technique has gained popularity since it allows for a direct access to the gland and prevents unexpected injuries to the intra-abdominal organs.
In this lecture, Dr. Mushtaq outlines the indications for adrenalectomy in children, patient set-up, trocar placement, and operative technique overview. The importance of resecting the gland ‘en bloc’ has been emphasized.
The retroperitoneal approach begins by placing the child in a prone position. The 12th rib, iliac crest, and paravertebral muscles are then marked on the patient. The first incision is made at the lateral border of the lateral vertebral muscles, halfway between the 12th rib and the iliac crest (Heloury et al., 2011).
This lecture was delivered during the pediatric urology course held at IRCAD in March 2016.
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy
Almost all lesions smaller than 7cm, which do not involve the coeliac or mesenteric vessels, should be considered for laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. Several meta-analyses showed the clear benefits of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy over open surgery regarding blood loss, hospital stay, morbidity, and wound infection. The comparison of open surgery vs. laparoscopic surgery in patients presenting with adenocarcinoma shows the benefits of laparoscopic surgery. It is much easier to learn this technique. In this lecture, the clockwise technique is briefly demonstrated. Gravity, ports position and instrumentation are essential. The key steps of the clockwise technique are as follows: mobilization of the splenic flexure and of the proximal descending colon, dissection from lateral to medial along the lower edge of the pancreas, determination of the point of division (stapled or hand-sewn), posterior dissection, mobilization of the spleen using gravity along the superior edge of the pancreas, and removal of the specimen.
HJ Asbun
Лекции
2 лет назад
1965 просмотров
58 лайков
0 комментариев
13:55
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy
Almost all lesions smaller than 7cm, which do not involve the coeliac or mesenteric vessels, should be considered for laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. Several meta-analyses showed the clear benefits of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy over open surgery regarding blood loss, hospital stay, morbidity, and wound infection. The comparison of open surgery vs. laparoscopic surgery in patients presenting with adenocarcinoma shows the benefits of laparoscopic surgery. It is much easier to learn this technique. In this lecture, the clockwise technique is briefly demonstrated. Gravity, ports position and instrumentation are essential. The key steps of the clockwise technique are as follows: mobilization of the splenic flexure and of the proximal descending colon, dissection from lateral to medial along the lower edge of the pancreas, determination of the point of division (stapled or hand-sewn), posterior dissection, mobilization of the spleen using gravity along the superior edge of the pancreas, and removal of the specimen.