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Monthly publications

#March 2018
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Advanced bariatric surgery: reduced port simplified gastric bypass, a reproducible 3-port technique
Minimally invasive surgery is a field of continuous evolution and the advantages of this approach is no longer a matter of debate. The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has shown to be the cornerstone in the treatment of morbid obesity and so far all the efforts in this technique have been conducted to demonstrate safety and efficacy. Nowadays, reduced port surgery is regaining momentum as the evolution of minimally invasive surgery.
The purpose is to describe our technique of LRYGB, which mimics all the fundamental aspects of the “simplified gastric bypass” described by A. Cardoso Ramos et al. in a conventional laparoscopic surgical approach (5 ports) while incorporating some innovative technical features to reduce the quantity of ports. Despite the use of only three trocars, there is no problem with exposure or ergonomics, which represent major drawbacks when performing reduced port surgery.

Our technique can be a useful and feasible tool in selected patients in order to minimize parietal trauma and its possible complications, to improve cosmetic results, and to indirectly avoid the need for a second assistant, thereby improving the logistics, team dynamics, and economic aspects of the procedure.

In our experience, this technique is indicated as primary surgery in patients without previous surgery and with a BMI ranging from 35 to 50. Major contraindications are liver steatosis, superobese patients, and potentially revisional surgery. Although based on the experience of the team, we had also to perform revisional surgery mostly from ring vertical gastroplasty.

From January 2015 to June 2017, we analyzed 72 consecutive cases in our institution with a mean initial BMI of 43.12 (range: 30.1-58.7) using this approach, and the mean operative time was 64.77 minutes (range: 30-155, n=72) and excluding revisional cases or cases associated with cholecystectomy (58.72 min, range: 30-104, n=62).

This approach should be performed by highly skilled surgeons experienced with conventional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and with one of the patients feeling particularly comfortable. We strongly suggest using additional trocars if patient safety is jeopardized.
D Lipski, D Garcilazo Arismendi, S Targa
Surgical intervention
8 months ago
2406 views
422 likes
1 comment
07:37
Advanced bariatric surgery: reduced port simplified gastric bypass, a reproducible 3-port technique
Minimally invasive surgery is a field of continuous evolution and the advantages of this approach is no longer a matter of debate. The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has shown to be the cornerstone in the treatment of morbid obesity and so far all the efforts in this technique have been conducted to demonstrate safety and efficacy. Nowadays, reduced port surgery is regaining momentum as the evolution of minimally invasive surgery.
The purpose is to describe our technique of LRYGB, which mimics all the fundamental aspects of the “simplified gastric bypass” described by A. Cardoso Ramos et al. in a conventional laparoscopic surgical approach (5 ports) while incorporating some innovative technical features to reduce the quantity of ports. Despite the use of only three trocars, there is no problem with exposure or ergonomics, which represent major drawbacks when performing reduced port surgery.

Our technique can be a useful and feasible tool in selected patients in order to minimize parietal trauma and its possible complications, to improve cosmetic results, and to indirectly avoid the need for a second assistant, thereby improving the logistics, team dynamics, and economic aspects of the procedure.

In our experience, this technique is indicated as primary surgery in patients without previous surgery and with a BMI ranging from 35 to 50. Major contraindications are liver steatosis, superobese patients, and potentially revisional surgery. Although based on the experience of the team, we had also to perform revisional surgery mostly from ring vertical gastroplasty.

From January 2015 to June 2017, we analyzed 72 consecutive cases in our institution with a mean initial BMI of 43.12 (range: 30.1-58.7) using this approach, and the mean operative time was 64.77 minutes (range: 30-155, n=72) and excluding revisional cases or cases associated with cholecystectomy (58.72 min, range: 30-104, n=62).

This approach should be performed by highly skilled surgeons experienced with conventional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and with one of the patients feeling particularly comfortable. We strongly suggest using additional trocars if patient safety is jeopardized.
Fourth antireflux procedure in a patient with a BMI of 35: esophagogastric disconnection and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy
We present an esophagogastric disconnection and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy as the fourth antireflux procedure in an obese patient with recurrent severe GERD despite high-dose PPI therapy. After previous Nissen fundoplications and a redo procedure with a partial posterior fundoplication, the patient now presented with an intrathoracic migration of the posterior fundoplication. In these complex redo scenarios in conjunction with a high BMI, the strategy of esophagogastric disconnection and Roux-en-Y reconstruction similarly to obesity surgery is increasingly being used.
B Dallemagne, S Perretta, B Seeliger, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
8 months ago
891 views
351 likes
0 comments
21:18
Fourth antireflux procedure in a patient with a BMI of 35: esophagogastric disconnection and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy
We present an esophagogastric disconnection and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy as the fourth antireflux procedure in an obese patient with recurrent severe GERD despite high-dose PPI therapy. After previous Nissen fundoplications and a redo procedure with a partial posterior fundoplication, the patient now presented with an intrathoracic migration of the posterior fundoplication. In these complex redo scenarios in conjunction with a high BMI, the strategy of esophagogastric disconnection and Roux-en-Y reconstruction similarly to obesity surgery is increasingly being used.
Laparoscopic rectal shaving for rectocervical endometriotic nodule
This is the case of a 32-year-old G0P0 woman presenting with severe dysmenorrhea, severe dyspareunia, and constipation. Pelvic examination showed a normal vagina, a fixed uterus, and mobile adnexae. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TvUSG) showed that the uterus and both ovaries were normal. A left parasalpingeal endometrioma (15mm), an obliterated Douglas pouch, as well as rectocervical and infiltrated rectal nodules (18mm and 0.6mm respectively) were also evidenced. Since bilateral ovaries were fixed to the pelvic sidewall, the operative strategy included bilateral ureterolysis and dissection of the hypogastric nerve and the pararectal fossa. Finally, the rectocervical nodule was mobilized by performing cervical and rectal shaving. The rectum was controlled by means of a methylene blue test. The final pathology was endometriosis.
H Altuntaş
Surgical intervention
8 months ago
3852 views
480 likes
0 comments
06:58
Laparoscopic rectal shaving for rectocervical endometriotic nodule
This is the case of a 32-year-old G0P0 woman presenting with severe dysmenorrhea, severe dyspareunia, and constipation. Pelvic examination showed a normal vagina, a fixed uterus, and mobile adnexae. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TvUSG) showed that the uterus and both ovaries were normal. A left parasalpingeal endometrioma (15mm), an obliterated Douglas pouch, as well as rectocervical and infiltrated rectal nodules (18mm and 0.6mm respectively) were also evidenced. Since bilateral ovaries were fixed to the pelvic sidewall, the operative strategy included bilateral ureterolysis and dissection of the hypogastric nerve and the pararectal fossa. Finally, the rectocervical nodule was mobilized by performing cervical and rectal shaving. The rectum was controlled by means of a methylene blue test. The final pathology was endometriosis.
Laparoscopic complete parametrectomy associated with upper vaginectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy
This video shows a reproducible approach to complete parametrectomy in a patient who had had a hysterectomy. The procedure begins with adhesiolysis and dissection of the lateral pelvic spaces in order to identify and isolate the parametrium. The paravesical fossa is then dissected medially and laterally using the umbilical artery as a landmark. The surgeon identifies the uterine artery and parametrium by following the umbilical artery. Using the uterine artery as a landmark of the parametrium, dissection is continued posteriorly developing the pararectal spaces in order to isolate the posterior part of the parametrium. The ureter is dissected towards the ureteral channel and unroofed. The procedure is carried on with the complete isolation of the ureter in its anterior aspect between the parametrium and the bladder. The bladder pillar is then transected at the level of the bladder. The rectal pillar is transected at the level of the rectum, paying attention to isolate the inferior hypogastric nerve. The parametrium is then cut at the level of the hypogastric vessel. The vagina is cut with ultrasonic scissors using a cap of RUMI II as a guide, and the specimen is extracted vaginally. The surgeon performs a bilateral lymphadenectomy. In this step, the obturator nerve is dissected to prevent injuries at the medial aspect of the obturator artery. The vagina is closed with continued stitches vaginally using an extracorporeal knotting technique.
H Camuzcuoglu, B Sezgin
Surgical intervention
8 months ago
3670 views
446 likes
0 comments
11:55
Laparoscopic complete parametrectomy associated with upper vaginectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy
This video shows a reproducible approach to complete parametrectomy in a patient who had had a hysterectomy. The procedure begins with adhesiolysis and dissection of the lateral pelvic spaces in order to identify and isolate the parametrium. The paravesical fossa is then dissected medially and laterally using the umbilical artery as a landmark. The surgeon identifies the uterine artery and parametrium by following the umbilical artery. Using the uterine artery as a landmark of the parametrium, dissection is continued posteriorly developing the pararectal spaces in order to isolate the posterior part of the parametrium. The ureter is dissected towards the ureteral channel and unroofed. The procedure is carried on with the complete isolation of the ureter in its anterior aspect between the parametrium and the bladder. The bladder pillar is then transected at the level of the bladder. The rectal pillar is transected at the level of the rectum, paying attention to isolate the inferior hypogastric nerve. The parametrium is then cut at the level of the hypogastric vessel. The vagina is cut with ultrasonic scissors using a cap of RUMI II as a guide, and the specimen is extracted vaginally. The surgeon performs a bilateral lymphadenectomy. In this step, the obturator nerve is dissected to prevent injuries at the medial aspect of the obturator artery. The vagina is closed with continued stitches vaginally using an extracorporeal knotting technique.
IRCAD Webinar: Third ESPES/IPEG Masterclass with the participation of the ESPU
ACUTE APPENDICITIS and PERITONITIS
1. Laparoscopic vs. open appendectomy in children - Mark Wulkan (IPEG)
2. Single port vs. Multiport and the role of new technologies in the management of pediatric complicated appendicitis - Ciro Esposito (ESPES)

CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA (CDH)
1. Open approach for the treatment of CDH - François Becmeur (ESPES)
2. Minimally invasive management of pediatric CDH - Holger Till (IPEG)

VESICOURETERAL REFLUX (VUR)
1. Open, endourological, and robotic management of pediatric VUR - Ramnath Subramaniam (ESPU)
2. Laparoscopic management of VUR according to Lich-Gregoir procedure - François Varlet (ESPES)

Masters of ceremonies:
François Becmeur (IRCAD-Strasbourg)
Philippe Montupet (APHP-Paris)

Chairmen:
Mario Mendoza Sagaon (ESPES)
Alaa El Ghoneimi (ESPU)
Philippe Szavay (IPEG)
F Becmeur, P Montupet, A El-Ghoneimi, P Szavay, M Mendoza Sagaon, M Wulkan, C Esposito, H Till, R Subramaniam, F Varlet
Surgical intervention
9 months ago
971 views
86 likes
0 comments
11:17
IRCAD Webinar: Third ESPES/IPEG Masterclass with the participation of the ESPU
ACUTE APPENDICITIS and PERITONITIS
1. Laparoscopic vs. open appendectomy in children - Mark Wulkan (IPEG)
2. Single port vs. Multiport and the role of new technologies in the management of pediatric complicated appendicitis - Ciro Esposito (ESPES)

CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA (CDH)
1. Open approach for the treatment of CDH - François Becmeur (ESPES)
2. Minimally invasive management of pediatric CDH - Holger Till (IPEG)

VESICOURETERAL REFLUX (VUR)
1. Open, endourological, and robotic management of pediatric VUR - Ramnath Subramaniam (ESPU)
2. Laparoscopic management of VUR according to Lich-Gregoir procedure - François Varlet (ESPES)

Masters of ceremonies:
François Becmeur (IRCAD-Strasbourg)
Philippe Montupet (APHP-Paris)

Chairmen:
Mario Mendoza Sagaon (ESPES)
Alaa El Ghoneimi (ESPU)
Philippe Szavay (IPEG)
IRCAD Webinar: Third ESPES/IPEG Masterclass with the participation of the ESPU
ACUTE APPENDICITIS and PERITONITIS
1. Laparoscopic vs. open appendectomy in children - Mark Wulkan (IPEG)
2. Single port vs. Multiport and the role of new technologies in the management of pediatric complicated appendicitis - Ciro Esposito (ESPES)

CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA (CDH)
1. Open approach for the treatment of CDH - François Becmeur (ESPES)
2. Minimally invasive management of pediatric CDH - Holger Till (IPEG)

VESICOURETERAL REFLUX (VUR)
1. Open, endourological, and robotic management of pediatric VUR - Ramnath Subramaniam (ESPU)
2. Laparoscopic management of VUR according to Lich-Gregoir procedure - François Varlet (ESPES)

Masters of ceremonies:
François Becmeur (IRCAD-Strasbourg)
Philippe Montupet (APHP-Paris)

Chairmen:
Mario Mendoza Sagaon (ESPES)
Alaa El Ghoneimi (ESPU)
Philippe Szavay (IPEG)
F Becmeur, P Montupet, A El-Ghoneimi, P Szavay, M Mendoza Sagaon, M Wulkan, C Esposito, H Till, R Subramaniam, F Varlet
Webinar
9 months ago
621 views
5 likes
1 comment
11:17
IRCAD Webinar: Third ESPES/IPEG Masterclass with the participation of the ESPU
ACUTE APPENDICITIS and PERITONITIS
1. Laparoscopic vs. open appendectomy in children - Mark Wulkan (IPEG)
2. Single port vs. Multiport and the role of new technologies in the management of pediatric complicated appendicitis - Ciro Esposito (ESPES)

CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA (CDH)
1. Open approach for the treatment of CDH - François Becmeur (ESPES)
2. Minimally invasive management of pediatric CDH - Holger Till (IPEG)

VESICOURETERAL REFLUX (VUR)
1. Open, endourological, and robotic management of pediatric VUR - Ramnath Subramaniam (ESPU)
2. Laparoscopic management of VUR according to Lich-Gregoir procedure - François Varlet (ESPES)

Masters of ceremonies:
François Becmeur (IRCAD-Strasbourg)
Philippe Montupet (APHP-Paris)

Chairmen:
Mario Mendoza Sagaon (ESPES)
Alaa El Ghoneimi (ESPU)
Philippe Szavay (IPEG)
Use of visual cues in hysteroscopic management of Asherman's syndrome
The normal uterine cavity is distorted or obliterated due to severe adhesions in Asherman’s syndrome, which makes surgery difficult to perform. The high-definition vision of the camera can help to identify visual cues and clues during hysteroscopy, which can guide the surgery.
The objective of this video is to demonstrate that the information gathered from various visual cues during hysteroscopy is really helpful to the surgeon.
The video focuses on the use of the following seven visual cues: color of fibrous bands and endometrium which imparts a white spectrum; thread-like texture of fibrotic bands; lacunae and their dilatation in scar tissue; probing and post-probing analysis using scissors (5 French); color and appearance of myometrial fibers which impart a pink spectrum; vascularity differentiation; matching analysis with a normal uterine cavity.
Various techniques described for the management of this condition include fluorescence-guided, ultrasonography-guided, and hysteroscopic adhesiolysis under laparoscopic control, which are expensive procedures. We suggest that the high-definition vision and visual cues during hysteroscopy should be initially used intraoperatively for guidance purposes before using such options. It may be sufficient to achieve the desired result in most cases.
Suy Naval, R Naval, Sud Naval, A Padmawar
Surgical intervention
9 months ago
2364 views
384 likes
0 comments
06:01
Use of visual cues in hysteroscopic management of Asherman's syndrome
The normal uterine cavity is distorted or obliterated due to severe adhesions in Asherman’s syndrome, which makes surgery difficult to perform. The high-definition vision of the camera can help to identify visual cues and clues during hysteroscopy, which can guide the surgery.
The objective of this video is to demonstrate that the information gathered from various visual cues during hysteroscopy is really helpful to the surgeon.
The video focuses on the use of the following seven visual cues: color of fibrous bands and endometrium which imparts a white spectrum; thread-like texture of fibrotic bands; lacunae and their dilatation in scar tissue; probing and post-probing analysis using scissors (5 French); color and appearance of myometrial fibers which impart a pink spectrum; vascularity differentiation; matching analysis with a normal uterine cavity.
Various techniques described for the management of this condition include fluorescence-guided, ultrasonography-guided, and hysteroscopic adhesiolysis under laparoscopic control, which are expensive procedures. We suggest that the high-definition vision and visual cues during hysteroscopy should be initially used intraoperatively for guidance purposes before using such options. It may be sufficient to achieve the desired result in most cases.