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General and digestive surgery

Find all the surgical interventions, lectures, experts opinions, debates, webinars and operative techniques per specialty.
Suprapubic single-incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection with hand-sewn intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: The authors report the case of a 30-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of diverticulitis due to segmental diverticulosis of the splenic flexure. The patient was scheduled for a suprapubic single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection.

Video: A right suprapubic incision was performed and allowed for the introduction of three abdominal trocars (11mm, and two 6mm ones). DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were used, in addition to a 10mm, 30-degree regular length scope. The mobilization of the left mesocolon as well as of the transverse mesocolon was performed. After having completely freed the splenic flexure from its attachments, the transverse colon and the left colon were divided using an articulating linear stapler, introduced into the abdomen under a 5mm, 30-degree long scope. An intracorporeal end-to-end transverse sigmoid anastomosis was performed using two converging running sutures. The mesocolic defect was closed. The specimen was removed through a single access and final scar appeared to be 4cm.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 165 minutes and time to perform the anastomosis was 60 minutes. Operative bleeding was 10cc. The patient was discharged after 4 days, and at visit consultations, the symptoms were resolved.

Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection can be safely performed using a suprapubic access, which enhances cosmetic outcomes, in addition to the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. A laparoscopic intracorporeal anastomosis is mandatory and can be performed using a hand-sewn method.
G Dapri, L Cardinali, A Cadenas Febres, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
1619 views
92 likes
0 comments
07:12
Suprapubic single-incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection with hand-sewn intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: The authors report the case of a 30-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of diverticulitis due to segmental diverticulosis of the splenic flexure. The patient was scheduled for a suprapubic single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection.

Video: A right suprapubic incision was performed and allowed for the introduction of three abdominal trocars (11mm, and two 6mm ones). DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were used, in addition to a 10mm, 30-degree regular length scope. The mobilization of the left mesocolon as well as of the transverse mesocolon was performed. After having completely freed the splenic flexure from its attachments, the transverse colon and the left colon were divided using an articulating linear stapler, introduced into the abdomen under a 5mm, 30-degree long scope. An intracorporeal end-to-end transverse sigmoid anastomosis was performed using two converging running sutures. The mesocolic defect was closed. The specimen was removed through a single access and final scar appeared to be 4cm.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 165 minutes and time to perform the anastomosis was 60 minutes. Operative bleeding was 10cc. The patient was discharged after 4 days, and at visit consultations, the symptoms were resolved.

Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection can be safely performed using a suprapubic access, which enhances cosmetic outcomes, in addition to the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. A laparoscopic intracorporeal anastomosis is mandatory and can be performed using a hand-sewn method.
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for benign diverticular disease
Dr. Armando Melani beautifully demonstrates a laparoscopic sigmoidectomy technique for a benign diverticular condition. He provides tips and tricks to perfectly expose the operating field and recommends an extensive approach to the left colon with primary mobilization of the splenic flexure using a posterior medial approach with a late vascular approach. The technique and its performance is amply discussed by the panel of experts present, hence providing a very instructive demonstration.
The operator also discusses the different types of energy devices available as well as the tricks to safely perform an upper colorectal anastomosis. This film provides plenty of detailed information for beginners and experts alike to allow them to perform a laparoscopic sigmoidectomy in a perfect fashion.
J Leroy, A Melani, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
5882 views
139 likes
3 comments
33:07
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for benign diverticular disease
Dr. Armando Melani beautifully demonstrates a laparoscopic sigmoidectomy technique for a benign diverticular condition. He provides tips and tricks to perfectly expose the operating field and recommends an extensive approach to the left colon with primary mobilization of the splenic flexure using a posterior medial approach with a late vascular approach. The technique and its performance is amply discussed by the panel of experts present, hence providing a very instructive demonstration.
The operator also discusses the different types of energy devices available as well as the tricks to safely perform an upper colorectal anastomosis. This film provides plenty of detailed information for beginners and experts alike to allow them to perform a laparoscopic sigmoidectomy in a perfect fashion.
Laparoscopic three-trocar sigmoidectomy with transanal extraction and new Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device
Introduction
We present the case of a 32-year-old female patient with recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. She underwent an elective sigmoidectomy using the new Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device.

Methods
Our set-up consisted of a standard three-port technique with one umbilical optical 10mm port with 1x5mm and 1x12mm right iliac fossa (RIF) ports. After initial peritoneoscopy, the sigmoid mesocolon was divided close to the bowel using the new Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device. The mesocolic window was continued distally to the rectosigmoid junction and proximally to the descending colon. The lateral attachments were then mobilized. After rectal washout, the rectum was divided and the sigmoid colon extracted transanally. A colotomy was then made above the inflamed area, the anvil of a circular stapler introduced into the colonic lumen and then advanced up to the proximal bowel (with the aid of a bowel grasper sheathed in a flexible plastic tubing). The proximal sigmoid colon was then divided with a linear stapling device, the specimen removed transanally and the rectum closed. The spike of the anvil was then delivered through the proximal colon using the fishing technique. The colorectal anastomosis was then fashioned in the usual technique with a circular stapler. A leak test was performed thereafter.

Results
The procedure was successfully completed. The Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device performed similarly to other power sources but without the impedance of additional wires. It allows for ease of use and quick changing of instruments and ports without the potential of snagging the wire.

Conclusion
The Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device performed excellently for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Cordless dissectors and vessel-sealing devices will be an excellent adjunct to minimally invasive surgery of the future.
J Leroy, B Barry, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
1708 views
5 likes
2 comments
21:52
Laparoscopic three-trocar sigmoidectomy with transanal extraction and new Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device
Introduction
We present the case of a 32-year-old female patient with recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. She underwent an elective sigmoidectomy using the new Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device.

Methods
Our set-up consisted of a standard three-port technique with one umbilical optical 10mm port with 1x5mm and 1x12mm right iliac fossa (RIF) ports. After initial peritoneoscopy, the sigmoid mesocolon was divided close to the bowel using the new Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device. The mesocolic window was continued distally to the rectosigmoid junction and proximally to the descending colon. The lateral attachments were then mobilized. After rectal washout, the rectum was divided and the sigmoid colon extracted transanally. A colotomy was then made above the inflamed area, the anvil of a circular stapler introduced into the colonic lumen and then advanced up to the proximal bowel (with the aid of a bowel grasper sheathed in a flexible plastic tubing). The proximal sigmoid colon was then divided with a linear stapling device, the specimen removed transanally and the rectum closed. The spike of the anvil was then delivered through the proximal colon using the fishing technique. The colorectal anastomosis was then fashioned in the usual technique with a circular stapler. A leak test was performed thereafter.

Results
The procedure was successfully completed. The Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device performed similarly to other power sources but without the impedance of additional wires. It allows for ease of use and quick changing of instruments and ports without the potential of snagging the wire.

Conclusion
The Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device performed excellently for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Cordless dissectors and vessel-sealing devices will be an excellent adjunct to minimally invasive surgery of the future.
Three trocar laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diffuse diverticulosis with transanal specimen extraction: tips and tricks
The video demonstrates the case of a woman with recurrent diverticulitis, BMI 30. She has a background of a previous hysterectomy via a Pfannenstiel incision. A three-port sigmoidectomy with transanal excision was carried out.
Methods
The set up consisted of a 12mm umbilical optical port, a 12mm port in the right iliac fossa, and a 5mm operating port in the right flank. After initial peritoneoscopy, any abnormal adhesions were divided. The sigmoid colon mesentery was divided high, near the sigmoid colon in order to preserve the mesenteric vasculature. The mesentery was divided to the level of the rectum, which was then skeletonized. The proximal colon was mobilized free up to the level of the splenic flexure. The rectum was then ligated, washed out with betadine and transected. A Vicryl Loop was attached to the proximal stump which was then removed transanally. A colotomy was created above the level of the diverticula and the anvil of a circular stapler introduced into the proximal colon. The proximal sigmoid colon mesentery was divided and the sigmoid transected with a linear stapler. The specimen was then fully removed transanally. The anvil was then delivered through the colon via the fishing technique. The rectal stump was closed with a linear stapler. A colorectal anastomosis was fashioned with a circular stapler. After verifying that the colon was not twisted, an air test was performed.
Conclusion
The video demonstrates a three-port technique for laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE).
J Leroy, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
2659 views
14 likes
0 comments
16:52
Three trocar laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diffuse diverticulosis with transanal specimen extraction: tips and tricks
The video demonstrates the case of a woman with recurrent diverticulitis, BMI 30. She has a background of a previous hysterectomy via a Pfannenstiel incision. A three-port sigmoidectomy with transanal excision was carried out.
Methods
The set up consisted of a 12mm umbilical optical port, a 12mm port in the right iliac fossa, and a 5mm operating port in the right flank. After initial peritoneoscopy, any abnormal adhesions were divided. The sigmoid colon mesentery was divided high, near the sigmoid colon in order to preserve the mesenteric vasculature. The mesentery was divided to the level of the rectum, which was then skeletonized. The proximal colon was mobilized free up to the level of the splenic flexure. The rectum was then ligated, washed out with betadine and transected. A Vicryl Loop was attached to the proximal stump which was then removed transanally. A colotomy was created above the level of the diverticula and the anvil of a circular stapler introduced into the proximal colon. The proximal sigmoid colon mesentery was divided and the sigmoid transected with a linear stapler. The specimen was then fully removed transanally. The anvil was then delivered through the colon via the fishing technique. The rectal stump was closed with a linear stapler. A colorectal anastomosis was fashioned with a circular stapler. After verifying that the colon was not twisted, an air test was performed.
Conclusion
The video demonstrates a three-port technique for laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE).
Three trocar sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis with transanal extraction
The combination of laparoscopy and specimen extraction through a natural orifice has the potential to decrease wound complications and to improve postoperative recovery.
The objective of this film is to demonstrate the possibilities of specimen extraction of a sigmoid diverticulitis transanally with reduction of abdominal openings that may sometimes induce incisional hernias and postoperative pain.
In this case, a laparoscopic three-port technique is performed: one 12mm optical port situated in the umbilicus, and two right iliac fossa ports (one 5mm port placed in the right flank, and a 12mm port in the right iliac fossa for introduction of staplers).
J Leroy, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
250 views
23 likes
0 comments
09:26
Three trocar sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis with transanal extraction
The combination of laparoscopy and specimen extraction through a natural orifice has the potential to decrease wound complications and to improve postoperative recovery.
The objective of this film is to demonstrate the possibilities of specimen extraction of a sigmoid diverticulitis transanally with reduction of abdominal openings that may sometimes induce incisional hernias and postoperative pain.
In this case, a laparoscopic three-port technique is performed: one 12mm optical port situated in the umbilicus, and two right iliac fossa ports (one 5mm port placed in the right flank, and a 12mm port in the right iliac fossa for introduction of staplers).
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for sigmoid diverticulitis in an obese (BMI=39) female patient
This video demonstrates the laparoscopic approach to sigmoid resection following previous attacks of diverticulitis. The medial vascular approach is employed, although in this case the inferior mesenteric artery is preserved. Obesity presents particular problems of reduced space and difficulty in identification of structures because of visceral adiposity. This video is suitable for advanced laparoscopic digestive surgeons.

The authors use the medial vascular approach, preserving the inferior mesenteric artery. The obese patient presents the dual challenge of reduced space and difficulty in identifying structures. The authors gain exposure of the mesosigmoid, and initially incise the peritoneum to divide the vessels, respecting the superior rectal vessels. They divide only the sigmoid vessels to preserve the superior rectal artery and vein.
J Leroy, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
11 years ago
1311 views
10 likes
0 comments
21:15
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for sigmoid diverticulitis in an obese (BMI=39) female patient
This video demonstrates the laparoscopic approach to sigmoid resection following previous attacks of diverticulitis. The medial vascular approach is employed, although in this case the inferior mesenteric artery is preserved. Obesity presents particular problems of reduced space and difficulty in identification of structures because of visceral adiposity. This video is suitable for advanced laparoscopic digestive surgeons.

The authors use the medial vascular approach, preserving the inferior mesenteric artery. The obese patient presents the dual challenge of reduced space and difficulty in identifying structures. The authors gain exposure of the mesosigmoid, and initially incise the peritoneum to divide the vessels, respecting the superior rectal vessels. They divide only the sigmoid vessels to preserve the superior rectal artery and vein.
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for sigmoid diverticulitis in an obese (BMI=30) male patient
This is a didactic video demonstrating laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticular disease. A combined medial and lateral approach is employed in the dissection of the sigmoid vessels, preserving the IMA. The use of the LigaSure device greatly facilitates the dissection. This approach is suitable for general and digestive surgeons.

The authors use a medial approach to divide the branches of the sigmoid vessels. In performing the medial resection for cancer, the authors caution to avoid contact with the colon. The approach may involve a combination of medial and lateral techniques. Monopolar shears help carry out the dissection using traction. Freeing the vessels laterally enables visualization of the mesocolon.
J Leroy
Surgical intervention
11 years ago
999 views
22 likes
0 comments
17:22
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for sigmoid diverticulitis in an obese (BMI=30) male patient
This is a didactic video demonstrating laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticular disease. A combined medial and lateral approach is employed in the dissection of the sigmoid vessels, preserving the IMA. The use of the LigaSure device greatly facilitates the dissection. This approach is suitable for general and digestive surgeons.

The authors use a medial approach to divide the branches of the sigmoid vessels. In performing the medial resection for cancer, the authors caution to avoid contact with the colon. The approach may involve a combination of medial and lateral techniques. Monopolar shears help carry out the dissection using traction. Freeing the vessels laterally enables visualization of the mesocolon.
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis
The description of the laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of sigmoid diverticulitis.
Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: exploration, exposure, vascular approach, vascular division, posterior medial dissection, resection of mesorectum, lateral mobilization, division of sigmoid colon, mobilization principles, lateral mobilization, medial mobilization, extraction, preparation of anastomosis, anastomosis.
Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.
J Leroy, J Milsom, J Okuda
Operative technique
17 years ago
5418 views
209 likes
1 comment
Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis
The description of the laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of sigmoid diverticulitis.
Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: exploration, exposure, vascular approach, vascular division, posterior medial dissection, resection of mesorectum, lateral mobilization, division of sigmoid colon, mobilization principles, lateral mobilization, medial mobilization, extraction, preparation of anastomosis, anastomosis.
Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.